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Charity

Topic: charity

Date of presentation: 13 June 2013

Translation of sadaghe in english:

char·i·ty
ˈCHerədē/
meaning of charity:
noun
noun: charity; plural noun: charities
  1. 1.
    the voluntary giving of help, typically in the form of money, to those in need.
    synonyms: financial assistance, aidwelfarerelief, financial relief;
    • help or money given voluntarily to those in need.
      “an unemployed teacher living on charity”
  2. 2.
    an organization set up to provide help and raise money for those in need.
    synonyms: nonprofit organization, voluntary organization, charitable institution;More

    • the body of organizations viewed collectively as the object of fundraising or donations.
      “the proceeds of the sale will go to charity”
  3. 3.
    kindness and tolerance in judging others.
    “she found it hard to look on her mother with much charity”
    synonyms: goodwillcompassionconsiderationconcernkindness,kindheartedness, tenderness, tenderheartedness, sympathy,indulgencetoleranceleniencycaritas;

    literarybounteousness
    “show a bit of charity”
    • archaic
      love of humankind, typically in a Christian context.
      “faith, hope, and charity”

 

References: Al-Mufradat fi Gharib alQuran, Al-ghamoos, Sahih al-Bukhari, Sur abadi interpretation, Tafsire majmaolbayan, Al-mizan, Tafsir Nemoone, Sahih moslem, Nahj al-Balagha, Sharh Usul al-Kafi, Ghurar alHikam, Manla Yazhar Ul Faqih, Sawabul-Aamal wa Iqab-ul-Aamal.

Historic, Philological and koranic abstract:

The word” صدقه” is originated from Hebrew word “ Tzedaka”. This Hebrew word means truth, honesty and rightfulness. Also in Judaism,” صدقه” existed. The meaning of this word in Judaism was “helping the poor”. ” صدقه” has originated from two roots. In the root of  “صؚدق”   means rightfulness and truthfulness, and in the root of “صدؙق”  means proof of honesty to the wife by giving Mahr or dowry to her.

In the Quran, the word “صدقه” and its derivatives have been repeated one hundred and forty times. The meaning of “صدقه” in Quran is “Honesty” and “Proving Honesty”. In Surah Hojarat, Quran introduces honesty as scarifying your life and wealth and having a strong faith in God.

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِاللَّهِ وَ رَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَرْتَابُواْ وَ جَاهَدُواْ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَ أَنفُسِهِمْ فىِ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ  أُوْلَئكَ هُمُ الصَّدِقُون

“Indeed believers are who believe god and his prophet, then didn’t doubt. Moreover, they hardly involved in financial difficulties and illnesses due to doing any action to accede god. Indeed they are honest.”

 

In surah Baqarah verse 177, Quran introduces honesty as devoting the things you love, having patients in hard times and keeping your promises.

 Narratives:

Most of the narratives have only stated about the effects of ” صدقه” and have not stated anything about its meaning.

 Result:

” صدقه” in the real meaning means truth and rightfulness. In other words, “صدقه” is offering anything that devoting it requires a deep and strong belief. Because the truth of a belief will be determined when a person faces a situation in which he should sacrifice something he loves or he should choose between two highly important things.